Frequently asked questions about infertility treatment are listed below
What are the different methods of infertility treatment?
Different methods to treat infertility are: medication, surgery and assisted reproductive technology (ART). ART is an advanced method of infertility treatment which is more expensive than other two methods.
How long does the treatment take?
It depends on the treatment method and individual under treatment. Treatment using fertility drugs can some times take several months before the results are seen. If a surgical correction is done, in some cases conception happens soon after, while for others it can take several months. In assisted reproductive technology such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), fertilization of egg happens in a laboratory setting and the embryo formed is transplanted into mother’s uterus, where it develops as a baby. The whole procedure for one IVF cycle can take 4 to 6 weeks and it would take another two weeks for pregnancy symptoms to be seen (if IVF was successful).
What are the success rates of infertility treatments?
Success rate depends on a number of factors such as underlying cause or causes of infertility, age of individual under treatment, treatment method, expertise of treatment facility etc. On an average, infertility treatments can have 25% success rate per cycle of treatment (one cycle of treatment can last for several days or several weeks depending on the treatment method). Hence, a treatment cycle might need to be repeated several times before achieving successful pregnancy.
How to choose the right fertility clinic?
Research on factors such as success rate of the clinic (some clinics define success of treatment as achieving a successful pregnancy, while others define it as live birth, that is, having a take-home baby), success rate of the clinic in a particular treatment method, success rate in treating a particular problem or a particular age group, expertise of treatment facility, license of the clinic, when was the clinic established etc.
Are there any side effects for infertility treatments?
Possible side effects of infertility treatments are:
Multiple pregnancy (pregnancy with two or more fetuses) that can cause high blood pressure and diabetes in mother, premature labor and babies having low birth weight
Ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome or over stimulation of ovaries (by fertility drugs)
Mood swings, anxiety and stress
Infections or damage to reproductive tract
Ectopic pregnancy (a condition in which a fertilized egg gets infertility treatment implanted to fallopian tube instead of uterus and starts growing there)
Temporary blurred vision
Allergic reaction to drugs
Acne, weight gain and breast enlargement in men using fertility drugs
There is a very low chance of birth defects in babies
Liver damage in rare cases
How to offset side effects of fertility drugs?
Discuss with the doctor or fertility specialist about the warning signs of serious side effects. If the individual under treatment is feeling uncomfortable with the treatment, he/she is recommended to consult the fertility specialist. It might be possible to adjust the dosage of medication or to switch to another medication. Taking tablets along with food can help to prevent stomach upsets. Drink enough water. In case of anxiety or depression, seek support from family, friends, counselors or infertility support groups. Be assured that the side effects are normal and they do not last beyond the treatment.
Please refer the website link mentioned in the last paragraph of this page for answers to further questions:
How much do infertility treatments cost and how to finance them?
Does infertility treatment affect sex life?
Are there any natural treatments for infertility? What can I do besides taking fertility drugs to boost my fertility?
What are the options available, if pregnancy cannot be achieved after infertility treatment?