Stress Health Instead of Letting Health Stress You

Health is                                https://www.monalise.dk/                                       everywhere these days. You can’t open a newspaper or turn on a television without seeing health in the news. Like it or not, health is all around us. Why is this? Well, for starters, it is important. Most notably, health is a hot topic because we have let it become an area of stress in our lives.

Think about the news stories that we see along with health. What else is on the news? There is war, political scandals, crime and crisis. All of these subjects have one thing in common: Stress. When we see these stories they evoke emotion and cause us to feel anxiety.

How did health get on this list? Shouldn’t we be feeling good about health and healthy living? Well, we should be, but unfortunately that isn’t the kind of story we are getting. We are getting the lack of health in most news stories. One can argue that this is simply because that is the state we are in now. Our health has gotten so bad that there is only bad news to report.

One can say that. In fact, I’ve said that we are in a serious situation regarding our health. I see the news, so I know that there are general problems. More importantly, I work with people, so I see that there are personal problems.

I see that we all want to be healthy. I also see that it is difficult for the average person to be as healthy as they want to be. I see that the status quo is actually causing more and more problems for us and making it more and more difficult to live healthy or even to avoid declining health in our lives.

What can we do? It is important that we  the word DO. If we do nothing, we will continue to go down the path of poor health. By closing our eyes and taking what is given, we will not get where we want to go. By eating what is offered at the cheapest, most convenient foods, we will not get where we want to go. By letting our schedules be made for us and going with the flow, we will not get where we want to go.

The only way to take the stress out of health is to switch things around. We have to stress health. By stressing health, we can stop letting health stress us. This is more than just a play on words.

Think about it:

When we see the stories about health on the news, what are they telling us? They are telling us that the health of the world is in jeopardy and we are all heading the wrong direction. They are telling us that what we are doing is killing ourselves and our kids. They are telling us that we are not doing it right and are suffering the consequences now and in the future.

As we continue to hear messages like this, it gets easier to believe them. It gets easier to look at our own routine and say, “Wow, I am unhealthy.” While it may be true, it doesn’t mean that things have to stay this way.

That is the first step in turning things around. We need to understand that health is ongoing and long-term. Health is not a one day or one week topic. The studies and reports that we see are done over many months and even years. That data may point to negative trends, but that doesn’t mean we can’t change them.

That is the next step in turning things around. We have to change. If you are going with the flow and taking only what’s given, you are likely part of the trends that we are reading about and seeing on the news. If you are not actively focused on your own health, you are likely stressing about it.

By looking long-term at the life you really want, you can start to make changes to make it a reality. By doing nothing, you can only give yourself more issues to stress about. No one wants to be unhealthy. No one wants stressed out. But for some reason that doesn’t seem to be enough to motive us to change.

Maybe a new way of looking at health will help motivate people. Maybe we just need to change our focus. Letting health issues stress us is only going to lead to more stress. Physical, emotional, financial and all other kinds of stress will be the norm if we are not actively managing our health. All we have to do is reverse that model by stressing health. More importantly, we are stressing healthy habits. When we have health we are able to stress the important aspects of life: feeling good, having energy and enjoying our time. Without them we simply stress over the problems that come with poor habits.

It may be a play on words, but stressing health instead of letting it stress you can really be the key to changing the trends. By making health an emphasis at home, work and school, we can take control. That control allows us to stop stressing about the problems of poor health and start reaping the benefits of good health.

Business Health Expert Joe Byrd uses his passion and expertise to bring business and health together. He integrates health education in lifestyle topics such as Stress Management, Weight Management, and Smoking Cessation into businesses in order to accomplish the following:

Improving Employee Health

 

 

How to Become a Health and Safety Officer in the UK

A health and                            https://www.monalise.dk/                               safety officer  monitors how an organisation complies with health and safety law, and provides advice to both companies and employers on safe working environments. A   will usually work for the Health and Safety Executive   the local government, or a similar body, specially trained to monitor compliance with health and safety regulations. Health and Safety officers also exist within private organisations, usually larger ones, and in the public sector, such as hospitals and schools etc.

Health and Safety Officers are employed in a variety of industries such as construction, manufacturing, catering, waste, IT and aerospace as well as many more. The objective is simple and that is to keep people safe when in the working environment.

A   has a number of responsibilities. Whenever visiting an organisation, the health and safety officer must record all information. They carry out routine inspections over the course of time, which will include collating evidence and taking any samples, when necessary. They should investigate any complaints that have been made about the work environment, and provide advice on technical and legal issues. They should collect evidence and build case files, which includes maintaining a database of inspections. If necessary, a   may have to present information in court, or on other public enquiries relating to injury and/or death in the workplace. More than anything, a  will ensure that an organisation is complying with legislation, and isn’t taking the health and safety of their staff for granted. If this was the case, the officer would suggest ways to improve the working conditions, and monitor any changes that are made thereafter. So, a health and safety officer has plenty of duties – but it is an important one, which helps to make working environments a lot safer for many companies, and can be a successful career path to follow.

Qualifications
You normally need a Higher National Diploma  or degree, usually in occupational safety and health. There are also qualifications at a higher level for those who are clear what their career path is. To practice as a health and safety officer, you can complete either a  in environmental health, they are accredited by the Chartered Institute of Environmental Health   in England, Wales and Northern Ireland; in Scotland, they are credited by the Royal Environmental Health Institute of Scotland  .

Just to get on these courses, however, you will require other qualifications. You will need either   or A-levels. Ideally, these qualifications will be one of the science-based subjects (chemistry, biology and physics) or mathematics, but it isn’t a major problem if this is not the case. However, you would need at least 5 A-C grades at   level, with at least a B in maths.

There are other courses available which can provide you with work experience. There are also sandwich courses, meaning that you will still gain work experience in your chosen field, but whilst the majority of your studies will be at one college, the rest of your time will be spent at another university.

Don’t worry however if you don’t have a degree. Many careers paths see people evolve into different roles and health and safety officer is one of those. Probably the most sought-after qualification required for this role is the National Examination Board for Occupational Safety and Health (  Certificate and Diploma.  and   another qualification in health safety appears on most job descriptions.   courses are generally studied at college, and can be taken both full and part-time and require the student to take examinations at the end. However, it is increasingly more common now that   courses can be studied intensively over 10-14 days which can really help those looking to fast track their career.

What Employers Are Looking For
Health and safety are important areas that all organisations must always take into consideration. Therefore, as a  , you will be required to ensure that all environments you come into contact with are safe and healthy, or if not, suggest the ways that they can be improved. As a result, there are a number of key skills that employers are looking for in a health and safety officer.

Communication skills are very important; you will often have to suggest potential flaws, so being able to explain the problems, the possible consequences if they are not fixed, and how to remedy them in a well-spoken, considerate and calm manner is vital. If not, it could have the opposite effect, and the suggested changes will not be made out of spite, which could then lead to danger.

You must also be calm. There will be moments of extreme pressure and high stress. For example, should you have to report on an incident wherein due to a failure to comply with health and safety regulations, a worker has been injured or even killed, you may have to advise and create a case for prosecution, which could involve gathering photographic evidence and speaking with those most closely linked with the incident. Although you are not at fault, it will still be stressful and hard to deal with, so being able to remain cool under such pressures is of great significance, to you, the organisation and the people involved.

There are other traits that an employer will want to see. You will have to be self motivated and well-organised, as you will usually have to build and maintain your own inspection records. You must be able to think on your feet; if you see a potential hazard, knowing quickly how to address the matter means that it will be dealt with more quickly. And you should always be open to the advice of others; you may suggest a course of action that may be wrong, or perhaps there is a better way of dealing with a problem. Being able to listen to others will help you to improve, and make you a better health and safety officer.

How Much Money Will I Make as a Health & Safety Officer in the
UK?
For those just starting out within health and safety, as well as graduates, the starting salary is likely to be around £25,000. Depending on the size of the organisation, and its location, however, that figure could be higher, possibly as high as £40,000 for a major company in a heavily populated part of the country. When entering a management role, the starting salary for a health and safety officer will be even higher, with some earning upwards of £60,000.

In addition, there may be opportunities to work for private sector companies, who advise on health and safety issues and work on a consultancy basis earning £250-£1000 per day. Salaries will be roughly the same as those for a “regular” health and safety officer, but those who reach senior consultancy positions generally earn more than £100,000. So, one can understand why, if the option to work as a consultant for health and safety becomes available, most would take it.

Pros and Cons of Becoming a Health & Safety Officer in the UK
There are benefits and drawbacks to being a health and safety officer. Although being able to spot and avoid hazards may seem logical, there are potential problems which can make the job a stressful one to have.

 

Can California Health Insurance Rate Reviews Stop Excessive Rate Hikes?

Last year,                      https://trevonbranch.tech/                            California was granted the power to proposed health insurance rate increases by insurance companies. Insurance companies planning to increase their plan premiums by more than 10 percent are subject to rate reviews. Excessive premium increases would necessitate insurers to publicly justify the unjust rate hikes.

Despite the implementation of rate reviews, little help is seen by millions of consumers. California health insurance premiums continue to skyrocket making it hard for Californians to afford health care coverage.

Even though California can publicly shame and persuade insurers to prevent proposed increases, it still lacks the power to reject the proposed excessive rates by insurance companies. The state couldn’t even stop Anthem Blue Cross from increasing one of its coverage rates by 16.1 percent even though it was publicly declared that the planned rates were excessive.

Consumers Demand California Health Insurance Rate Regulations

Since 2002, Californians have seen a 153 percent increase in employer health insurance. Because of this, the desire to regulate California health insurance premiums increased more than ever. Consumer groups want regulators to do more than embarrass and persuade. They want to put an end to excessive premium increases. A consumer advocate group even stated that they will begin gathering signatures from people to help set up real rate control.

Even though the Department of Insurance was able to reduce, postpone and withdraw 50 out of the 300 rate changes last year, it’s not enough. According to Deputy Commissioner Janice Rocco, in order to adequately protect consumers, having the authority to reject excessive California health insurance premium increases is necessary. However, there are still ways that consumers can afford health coverage despite increasing premiums.

How Can Consumers Afford California Health Insurance Plans?

If you are living on a tight budget, you might be pondering whether to get health care coverage or not with premiums on the rise. There are still ways to help people afford the health coverage they need.

A high-deductible health plan is an option for people who are in good health. Compared to co-pay plans, high-deductible plans offer lower premiums by as much as 40 to 50 percent. With the passage of the health care reform law, high-deductible plans are appealing more than ever. Preventive care services are 100 percent covered with no out-of-pocket costs even before meeting your deductible. Meaning, annual physical exams and screening procedures for health conditions can be enjoyed without worrying about co-payments, co-insurance and deductibles.

You can use this added free benefit as long as you go with in-network providers. Constantly monitoring your health can help keep money in your pocket. Early detection of illness can significantly decrease your out-of-pocket medical expenses. As we all know, developing a chronic illness is harder to treat resulting in expensive medical bills.

Now is the time to get a California health insurance plan. Once you have a   you higher premiums or even deny you coverage. Without health coverage, you are financially exposed to huge medical bills when illness strikes. Luckily, insurers cannot deny children with -existing conditions health coverage due to the Affordable Care Act mandate. As for adults, you need to wait until 2014 when health care reform fully takes its course.

While your health is good, get coverage now to keep rates low. You should also do some comparison shopping every year to get the most affordable health insurance rates from insurance companies in your area.

 

Rebuilding the Tower of Babel – A CEO’s Perspective on Health Information Exchanges

The                  https://trevonbranch.tech/               United  States is facing the largest shortage of healthcare practitioners in our country’s history which is compounded by an ever increasing geriatric population. In 2005 there existed one geriatrician for every 5,000 US residents over 65 and only nine of the 145 medical schools trained geriatricians. By 2020 the industry is estimated to be short 200,000 physicians and over a million nurses. Never, in the history of US healthcare, has so much been demanded with so few personnel. Because of this shortage combined with the geriatric population increase, the medical community has to find a way to provide timely, accurate information to those who need it in a uniform fashion. Imagine if flight controllers spoke the native language of their country instead of the current international flight language, English. This example captures the urgency and critical nature of our need for   communication in healthcare. A healthy information exchange can help improve safety, reduce length of hospital stays, cut down on medication errors, reduce redundancies in lab testing or procedures and make the health system faster, leaner and more productive. The US population along with those impacted by chronic disease like diabetes, cardiovascular disease and asthma will need to see more specialists who will have to find a way to communicate with primary care providers effectively and efficiently.

This efficiency can only be attained by  the manner in which the communication takes place.   a Cincinnati based HIE and one of the largest community based networks, was able to reduce their potential disease outbreaks from 5 to 8 days down to 48 hours with a regional health information exchange. Regarding  one author noted, “Interoperability without standards is like language without grammar. In both cases communication can be achieved but the process is cumbersome and often ineffective.”

United States retailers transitioned over twenty years ago in order to automate inventory, sales, accounting controls which all improve efficiency and effectiveness. While uncomfortable to think of patients as inventory, perhaps this has been part of the reason for the lack of transition in the primary care setting to automation of patient records and data. Imagine a   & Pop hardware store on any square in mid America packed with inventory on shelves, ordering duplicate widgets based on lack of information regarding current inventory.   any Home Depot or   and you get a glimpse of how automation has changed the retail sector in terms of scalability and efficiency. Perhaps the “art of medicine” is a barrier to more productive, efficient and smarter medicine. Standards in information exchange have existed since 1989, but recent interfaces have evolved more rapidly thanks to increases in of regional and state health information exchanges.

History of Health Information Exchanges

Major urban  in Canada and Australia were the first to successfully implement HIE’s. The success of these early networks was linked to an integration with primary   systems already in place. Health Level 7  represents the first health language  system in the United States, beginning with a meeting at the University of Pennsylvania in 1987.   has been successful in replacing antiquated interactions like faxing, mail and direct provider communication, which often represent duplication and inefficiency. Process interoperability increases human understanding across networks health systems to integrate and communicate.   will ultimately impact how effective that communication functions in the same way that grammar standards foster better communication. The United States National Health Information Network   sets the standards that foster this delivery of communication between health networks.   is now on it’s third version which was published in 2004. The goals of   are to increase interoperability, develop coherent standards, educate the industry    and collaborate with other sanctioning bodies like ANSI and ISO who are also concerned with process improvement.

In the United States one of the earliest HIE’s started in Portland Maine is a public-private partnership and is believed to be the largest statewide HIE. The goals of the network are to improve patient safety, enhance the quality of clinical care, increase efficiency, reduce service duplication, identify public threats more quickly and expand patient record access. The four founding groups the Maine Health Access Foundation, Maine CDC, The Maine Quality Forum and Maine Health Information Health Data) began their efforts in 2004.

In Tennessee Regional Health Information   initiated in Memphis and the    Cities region.  a 501(3)c, in the   Cities region was considered a direct project where clinicians interact directly with each other using   compliant system as an intermediary to translate the data bi- . Veterans Affairs (VA) clinics also played a crucial role in the early stages of building this network. In  connecting Memphis hospitals like Baptist Memorial (5 sites), Methodist Systems,   Healthcare, Memphis Children’s Clinic, St. Francis Health System, St Jude, The Regional Medical   and UT Medical. These regional networks allow practitioners to share medical records, lab values medicines and other reports in a more efficient manner.

Seventeen US communities have been designated as Beacon Communities across the United States based on their development of HIE’s. These communities’ health focus varies based on the patient population and prevalence of chronic disease states i.e. cvd, diabetes, asthma. The communities focus on specific and measurable improvements in quality, safety and efficiency due to health information exchange improvements. The closest geographical Beacon community to Tennessee, in  Mississippi, just south of Memphis, was granted a $100,000 grant by the department of Health and Human Services in September 2011.

A healthcare model for Nashville to emulate is located in Indianapolis, IN based on geographic proximity, city size and population demographics. Four Beacon awards have been granted to communities in and around Indianapolis, Health and Hospital Corporation of Marion County,  Health Information Technology Inc has received over 23 million dollars in grants through the State HIE Cooperative Agreement and 2011 HIE Challenge Grant Supplement programs through the federal government. These awards were based on the following criteria:1) Achieving health goals through health information exchange 2) Improving long term and post acute care transitions 3) Consumer mediated information exchange 4) Enabling enhanced query for patient care 5) Fostering distributed population-level analytics.

Regulatory Aspects of Health Information Exchanges and Healthcare Reform

The department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is the regulatory agency that oversees health concerns for all Americans. The HHS is divided into ten regions and Tennessee is part of Region IV headquartered out of Atlanta. The Regional Director, Anton J.   is the first African American elected to serve as regional director and brings a wealth of experience to his role based on his public service specifically regarding  healthcare patients and health information exchanges. This experience will serve him well as he encounters societal and demographic challenges for  and chronically ill patients throughout the southeast area.

How to Find Family and Friends Living in Mexico

This article will              https://psychedelichomes.com/                           discuss the five biggest challenges people face when trying to locate someone in Mexico. These five key challenges are what hold people back from successfully being able to find someone. The good news is, throughout these next five articles, we will break down these challenges and explain the solutions to finding someone in Mexico. These articles will get you to the door so you are ready to go through to achieve your desire: finding someone in Mexico. We will also save you time, frustration, anguish and confusion.

 

We will focus on and identify two key goals to finding someone in Mexico. You will be ready to find the person you are looking for when you complete these two goals.

Who is this person you are trying to find? Could they be a relative or a parent? Possibly a friend or maybe someone they met on vacation? You may be looking for this person because you want to learn about your Mexico family history or maybe because you are into family genealogy. You may be searching for medical reasons. We are hearing more and more how our relatives can affect us physically, how our genetics affect us. Many people now want to know all about their family’s health history so they will know what diseases or medical problems are more likely to occur as they get older or so that they can provide this family history to their physician. Family medical history is rapidly becoming an important reason for people wanting to learn about their relatives.

Most people looking for someone in another country or looking for someone in their family think about genealogy first. Genealogy is the study of our family heritage and where we come from. But here is the catch; most of the time genealogy deals with people who are deceased such as our great grandparents or people who came to the country hundreds of years ago.

Here is a quick example. Let’s say someone wants to do genealogy research on their Mexican Family History, but they do not know who their father, uncle, or current relatives are. Many people have to first start with their living relatives before they can discover more about their family history.

If someone has been searching online at genealogy sites, they are probably looking in the wrong place. Genealogy sites are there mainly with information for visitors looking to find family or friends who are deceased. The majority of genealogy societies worldwide prohibit placing personal information online until that person has been deceased at least 71 years for reasons of privacy. If someone is trying to find a person who is living, then genealogy sites might help but only if they know who their great-great-grandparents were. The researcher then has to work forward from there.

 

 

The Family Practice Doctor At A Look

Doctors who                      https://psychedelichomes.com/                   work in a family capacity put the time and effort into getting to know their patients very well. This means that the lines of communication from doctor to patient and vice versa are good. The patient feels comfortable sharing his/her health concerns with the GP and the physician in turn is able to ask the type of questions that can lead to the most appropriate diagnosis of a condition.

At a  family practice if you get sick at the same time as your child and you believe the illnesses are linked (i.e. you caught it from your child) then the practitioner can see you at the same time. This is always a good thing. Family physicians are in tune with not just the health scenarios of those in the same family but also with what is happening in the family in general.

According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, family medicine can be described in this way- “It integrates care for patients of both genders across the full spectrum of ages within the context of community and advocates for the patient in an increasingly complex health care system.”

If finding a medical practice where you know your needs will be met and where you know your voice will be heard matters most to you then a family practice is an excellent choice for you!

Some parents are unsure as to whether they should take their kids to a or take them to a general practitioner. Views on this are mixed. A family practice physician must learn about all areas of medicine during his or her medical training. Many  have experience working with pregnant women and have obtained in the area of six months to 12 months worth of training in  . It is worth noting that doctors who work in doctor family practice generally see lots of youngsters on a consistent basis and are expected to remain current with medical advances in the areas of both adult medicine and

 

 

The (5) Five Things Every Physician Needs to Know About Job Searches

In my opinion    https://wecarefamilyphysicians.com/                               the business of Physician Recruiters helping Physicians find Jobs is handled in a professional way and MOST of the players in the industry conduct themselves as such.

I do think it is a good idea to keep the following in mind:

1. Find an Advocate or Champion to help you with your search

This is an idea that many Physicians find a bit adverse or foreign in the job search process. Why would you NOT find an expert that you trust to help you with one of the most important decisions of your life? After all this isn’t like buying a car or a new boat – this is your CAREER – it will determine the path you walk down forever (in many ways) So – what is an advocate? – In this case it is generally a good Physician Recruiter that can help you navigate the opportunities and the processes surrounding them. In some cases it will be a seasoned Physician in a specific program – but generally a Physician Recruiter has the training and experience to help you more effectively.

Physician Recruiters come in many types – In-House, Independent, Retained, Contingent, Staff, HR – it is a good idea to find out what the Physician Recruiter you work with has, as his/her Motivation – ASK QUESTIONS – A good Physician Recruiter will WANT to tell you who they are, how they work and WHY you are of interest to THEM. If you do not “click” – Move on – there are 1000’s of Physician Recruiters; finding the right one for you may take time – TRUST your gut

 

 

The (5) Five Things Every Physician Needs to Know About Job Searches

In my opinion        https://wecarefamilyphysicians.com/               the business of Physician Recruiters helping Physicians find Jobs is handled in a professional way and MOST of the players in the industry conduct themselves as such.

I do think it is a good idea to keep the following in mind:

1. Find an Advocate or Champion to help you with your search

This is an idea that many Physicians find a bit adverse or foreign in the job search process. Why would you NOT find an expert that you trust to help you with one of the most important decisions of your life? After all this isn’t like buying a car or a new boat – this is your CAREER – it will determine the path you walk down forever (in many ways) So – what is an advocate? – In this case it is generally a good Physician Recruiter that can help you navigate the opportunities and the processes surrounding them. In some cases it will be a seasoned Physician in a specific program – but generally a Physician Recruiter has the training and experience to help you more effectively.

Physician Recruiters come in many types – In-House, Independent, Retained, Contingent, Staff, HR – it is a good idea to find out what the Physician Recruiter you work with has, as his/her Motivation – ASK QUESTIONS – A good Physician Recruiter will WANT to tell you who they are, how they work and WHY you are of interest to THEM. If you do not “click” – Move on – there are 1000’s of Physician Recruiters; finding the right one for you may take time – TRUST your gut

 

 

Occupational Health: Core Areas of Knowledge and Competence, Part 2

Please name file according to URL in separate spreadsheets         can contribute by helping managers to manage sickness absence more effectively. The nurse may be involved in helping to train line managers and supervisors in how to best use the OH service, in how to refer staff, what type of information will be required, what to expect from occupational health. By developing transparent referral procedures, ensuring that medical confidentiality is maintained and that the workers’ rights are respected the can do much to ensure that employees referred for assessment due to sickness absence are comfortable with the process.

OH nurses, with their close relationship with workers, knowledge of the working environment and trends in ill-health in the company are often in a good position to advise management on preventing sickness absence. In my experience referral to General Practitioners have a limited use for work related issues, and gain best results by as well as keeping the GP aware, referring to a specialist occupational physician.

Planned rehabilitation strategies, can help to ensure safe return to work for employees who have been absent from work due to ill-health or injury. The nurse is often the key person in the rehabilitation programme who will, with the manager and individual employee, complete a risk assessment, devise the rehabilitation programme, monitor progress and communicate with the individual, the OH physician and the line manager. Nurses have also become involved in introducing proactive rehabilitation strategies that aim to detect early changes in health before such conditions result in absence from work. Improving and sustaining working ability benefits many groups, the individual, the  and society, as costly absence and other health care costs are avoided.

In many cases the OH nurse has to work within as the clients advocate in order ensuring that managers appreciate fully the value of improving the health of the workforce. OH nurses have the skills necessary to undertake this work and may develop areas of special interest.

The occupational health nurse may develop pro-active strategies to help the workforce maintain or restore their work ability. New workers, older workers, women returning to work following pregnancy or workers who have been unemployed for a prolonged period of time may all benefit from health advice or a planned programme of work hardening exercises to help maintain or restore their work ability even before any health problems arise. Increasingly the problems faced by industry are oial nature and these can be even more complex and costly to deal with. OH nurses, working at the company level, are in a good position to give advice to management on strategies that can be adopted to improve the psycho-social health and  of workers.

Health and safety

The  can have a role to play in developing health and safety strategies. Where large, or high risks have their own in-house health and safety specialists the can work closely with these specialists to ensure that the nurses expertise in health, risk assessment, health surveillance and environmental health management is full into the health and safety strategy. Occupational health nurses are trained in health and safety legislation, risk management and the control of workplace health hazards and can therefore make a useful contribution to the overall management of health and safety at work, with particular emphasis on ‘health’ risk assessment.

Hazard identification

The nurse often has close contact with the workers and is aware of changes to the working environment. Because of the nurses expertise in the effects of work on health they are in a good position to be involved in hazard identification. Hazards may arise due to new processes or working practices or may arise out of informal changes to existing processes and working practices that the nurse can readily identify and assess the likely risk from. This activity requires and  health nurse to maintain an up to date knowledge and awareness of working processes and practices.

Risk assessment

Legislation in Europe is increasingly being driven by a risk management trained in risk assessment and risk management strategies and, depending upon their level of expertise and the level of complexity involved in the risk assessment, the nurse can undertake risk assessments or contribute towards the risk assessment working closely with other specialists.

Advice on control strategies

Having been involved in the hazard identification and risk assessment the occupational health nurse can, within the limits of their education and training, provide advice and information on appropriate control strategies, including health surveillance, risk communication, monitoring and on the evaluation of control strategies.

Research and the use of evidence based practice

Specialist research findings from a wide range of disciplines, including nursing, toxicology, psychology, environmental health and public health in their daily practice. The principal requirement for an occupational health nurse in practice is that they have the skills to read and critically assess research findings from these different disciplines and to be able to incorporate the findings into evidence based approach to their practice. Research in nursing is already well established and there is a small, but growing, body of evidence being created by occupational health nursing researchers who investigate occupational health nursing practices should ensure that they have access to and the skills necessary to base their practice on the best available evidence. At the company level occupational health nurses may be involved in producing management reports on for example sickness absence trends,

Breastfeeding from the first hour of birth: What works and what hurts

Whether delivery takes  https://starmedpharmacy.com/     place in a hut in a rural village or a hospital in a major city, putting newborns to the breast within the first hour after birth gives them the best chance to survive, thrive and develop to their full potential.

UNICEF and WHO recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life, starting within an hour of birth. Continuing to breastfeed exclusively – without any other food – for the first six months promotes sensory and cognitive development, and protects babies against infectious and chronic diseases.

But mothers cannot be expected to do it alone. Early and exclusive breastfeeding needs to be supported by hospitals and birthing  healthcare workers, governments and families. When it comes to supporting breastfeeding from the first hour after childbirth, here’s what works, and what hurts:

What works: Skin-to-skin contact immediately after birth
Immediate skin-to-skin contact helps regulate newborns’ body temperature and exposes them to beneficial bacteria from their mother’s skin. These good bacteria protect babies from infectious diseases and help build their immune systems.

Skin-to-skin contact immediately after birth until the end of the first breastfeeding has many other benefits as well. It has been shown to increase the chances that babies are breastfed, to extend the length of breastfeeding, and also to improve rates of exclusive breastfeeding.

What hurts: Supplemental foods or liquids for newborns
Giving newborns liquids or food other than breastmilk in the first days of life is common in many parts of the world, and is often linked to cultural norms, family practices or hospital policies and procedures that are not based on scientific evidence. These practices vary by country and may include throwing away colostrum – a mother’s “first milk” rich in antibodies – or having a doctor or elder family member give the newborn specific liquids or foods, like formula, sugar water or honey. These practices can delay a baby’s first critical contact with his or her mother.

>> Read the report: Early initiation of breastfeeding – the best start for every newborn

A health worker supports a new mother breastfeeding, Mongolia
UNICEF/UN01558
A health worker looks on as a new mother holds her baby to her chest, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

What works: Delivering in baby-friendly hospitals
A hospital  that is ‘baby-friendly’ provides the support women need to breastfeed – specifically by following the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding. These facilities also counsel mothers who cannot or have decided not to breastfeed by teaching them how to use donor milk or feed safely with formula.

In countries like Sri Lanka and Turkmenistan, baby-friendly hospitals have been instrumental to increasing rates of breastfeeding. Almost 90% of women in Turkmenistan, and almost all mothers in Sri Lanka give birth in hospitals certified as baby-friendly, and both of the countries have high rates of early breastfeeding initiation.

What hurts: Caesarean sections without support for breastfeeding
Globally, caesarean sections (C-section) rates have continually risen over the past decade, and in many countries, early initiation of breastfeeding is significantly lower in newborns delivered by C-section.

Mothers who deliver by C-section usually face multiple challenges after childbirth, like managing the effects of anesthesia, recovering from surgery, and finding help to hold the baby safely. But with the right support – training birth attendants, putting breastfeeding policies in maternal wards, and involving fathers in breastfeeding – most newborns